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Memorial Etiler Medical Center Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Gökhan Mamur, made recommendations to parents for a healthy summer holiday with children.
In summer, our general rule about your baby's clothes is; Your baby will be as comfortable as you are comfortable. So if you're warm enough to wear a shirt and shorts, the same applies to your baby. A hat that protects from the sun, a thin cotton garment is ideal. Remember, cold hands and feet do not indicate that your baby is cold, but sweat means that your child is warm. Air conditioning and ventilators will keep your child comfortable, but do not let it blow directly onto it for long periods of time. “Too cold” - “overheated” these two concepts are equivalent. You must act accordingly. Your baby; Symptoms and signs such as dry skin, fever, diarrhea, irritability or tendency to fall asleep, refer to overheating. You should seek medical attention immediately.
Take precautions in hot weather
* Do not leave your child alone in the car at any time under any circumstances. The interior temperature of a vehicle with half-open windows increases from 35 degrees to 40 degrees in 15 minutes. If the windows are closed, this temperature is 65 degrees.
* Fever of the child's clothes should be lightened.
* Hot air = Fluid consumption
* Do not let your child play for more than 30 minutes at a time in very hot and high humidity.
Protect your child from sunlight even on cloudy days
* Sun rays are very effective between 10: 00-15: 00.
* 80 percent of the sun's rays can pass through the clouds, so it is necessary to be protected from the sun even on cloudy days.
* Water and sand reflect the rays of the sun, thus increasing the skin's effect.
* Water on the skin facilitates the passage of ultraviolet rays. Therefore more protection is required in water.
* Sun umbrellas or trees are not enough to protect from the effects of the sun.
* 0-12 months of children's skin is particularly sensitive to sunlight is very sensitive. An important sunburn during this period doubles the risk of fatal skin cancer in your child's future life. It has also been shown that even early tanning can lead to skin cancer in the future. Although 90 percent of skin cancers can be prevented, it is caused by the sun.
* People with light skin and light eye color are more at risk.
* There is no concept of “safe tanning”. Tanning damages the skin.
* Nose, lips and ears are the most open areas of the body to the effects of the sun.
Apply your protective cream before sun exposure, not under the sun
* Babies should not be exposed to direct sunlight in the first six months of life. Do not apply sunscreen without consulting a doctor.
* Sunscreen should be applied to older children 15-30 minutes before sun exposure. Particular attention should be paid to areas not protected by clothing.
* Children can be exposed to direct sunlight for a few minutes at first and then for up to 20 minutes.
* After your baby is six months, you should definitely have sunscreen in your bag.
* Wear a shaded hat to your child when exposed to the sun. Other than that, even if you swim in the sea, wear a garment to protect the upper part of the body. Clothes should be light but frequently woven.
* Stay outdoors early or late in very hot weather. Don't be out in the middle of the day whenever possible.
* Apply water-resistant sunscreen to your children playing with water. When the game is over, dry and apply sunscreen again.
* If your child is taking any medication, make sure that it does not cause sensitivity to light.
* Create the best example for your child and protect yourself.
Choosing your Sun Cream…
* 20-30 protection factor is sufficient in infants and children.
* 30 factors are suitable for very light skin.
* The product is protected from short and long ultraviolet rays. (UVB and UVA)
* Some substances in the products can cause allergic skin responses. These are products containing PABA. Apply a piece of the product the day before to your child's forearm. Adhesive tape. After a day, remove the band-aid and take your child to the sun (while other parts of the body are protected by clothing). If any redness develops, use another product in that area.
* There are 2 features in the products for water protection. Proof Waterproof ”provides protection for 4 times 20 minutes of immersion. Res Waterresistant ”provides protection for 2 times 20 minutes of immersion.