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Uterine cancers, The most common gynecological cancers are uterine cancers and they develop from tissue called the endometrium, which covers the inner wall of the uterus. Various risk factors are known to increase the likelihood of this disease. Among these risk factors, early menstruation at first age, late menopause, total duration of menstruation during life, not having ever conceived or giving birth, excessive obesity, using hormone drugs containing only estrogen hormone, use of tamoxifen for breast cancer treatment , animal fat-rich diet, having diabetes and first-degree relatives in the family of uterine cancer and / or ovarian cancer and / or bowel cancer can be counted. On the other hand, there are a number of measures that can be taken to reduce the risk of uterine cancer in women. These:
1) Prevention of obesity: Obesity, which we call obesity, can be prevented by diet and some drugs that can be used under the supervision of a specialist doctor when necessary. Being at a healthy weight has the meaning to break down the direct relationship of obesity and diabetes with endometrial cancer. In addition, considering the health of the heart and the whole body, the importance of prevention of obesity is once again revealed.
2) Birth control pills use: Having used birth control pills during fertility reduces the risk of endometrial cancer. This protective effect is most common in long-term use and lasts for at least 10 years after discontinuation of pills. This effect is of particular importance in reducing risk in women who have never had children.
3) Restriction of dietary fat intake: Many scientific studies have shown that there is a relationship between dietary fat intake and the occurrence of uterine cancers. It has also been scientifically shown that feeding mainly fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of uterine cancer.
4) Genetic tests to be performed if one or more of the uterus, bowel or ovarian cancers in the family have more than one first degree relative: It is understood that the risk of developing uterine cancer in people with intestinal cancer is increased and some genetic factors from the family play a role in the development of uterine cancer. People with this type of tumor in their family or themselves can contact their doctor to find out if they are susceptible to this disease.
5) Regular annual gynecological examinations: Precursor lesions of uterine cancers can be detected by ultrasonography. The incidence of uterine cancers begins to increase over the age of 40. This frequency is significant during and after menopause. Regular gynecological controls, especially in the near and after menopause, will ensure that the disease is diagnosed before and after the disease.
Anadolu Medical Center Women's Health Department, Assoc. Dr. Contact Fatih directly