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This week we talked to Metin Ağca, the dentist, about dental health during pregnancy.
: Is it necessary to be examined by a dentist before pregnancy?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca A simple caries in the mouth and neglect of dental treatment may result in complete tooth inflammation and therefore tooth abscess. Any type of infection during pregnancy can have harmful consequences for the fetus. Therefore, when it is decided to become pregnant; a dentist should be consulted, especially if the dentist has not been visited for a long time and the condition of oral health is unsure. Your dentist will tell you about your dental health, whether treatment is needed, and the appropriate time for these treatments.
: There is a belief that dental caries increase during pregnancy and tooth losses. Is this true?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca This general opinion is both right and wrong. During the development period, the baby obtains the necessary minerals from the mother's body. The expectant mother should be careful to consume nutrients that contain these minerals. Particularly adequate calcium intake is very important. But. In contrast to bone development, the fetus completes the tooth development independently of the factors affecting the mother's dental health. Therefore, the fact that the mother is carrying a baby in the belly does not mean that the mineral salts in the body disappear. Therefore, the belief that tooth loss along with the baby is only valid in terms of the fact that women are more conducive to decay in pregnancy. The acid environment in the saliva increases due to pregnancy. This leads to the deterioration of dental minerals and facilitates the work of bacteria causing caries. Likewise, increased acid secretions due to nausea and changes in the digestive system especially during the first months of pregnancy can accelerate tooth decay. Considering all these, mothers who have poor oral health before pregnancy may experience caries and tooth loss.
: Do gum diseases increase during pregnancy?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca Like all other mucosa organs, gums are susceptible to hormonal changes and increases. Hormonal changes that result from pregnancy often cause significant problems in the body and mouth, as well as gingivitis. The gums become red, swollen, and often bleed at the slightest touch. Such gingivitis during pregnancy starts in the second month of pregnancy and disappears when the 8th month is entered. Mostly, it disappears completely immediately after birth. However, if this is taken lightly, the problem becomes more serious and progresses to the jaw bones and supporting tissues to which the teeth are attached.
: If there is a problem with the teeth during pregnancy, can I go to a dental clinic? Or is it OK to go?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca It is known that there are significant changes in the body prepared for motherhood in the first weeks of pregnancy. During this period, you may feel that your physical and mental condition is upset. Therefore, dentists avoid all kinds of dental and gingival treatments as much as possible in the first 3 months of pregnancy. The 2-th 3-month period of pregnancy can be described as a calmer period for the organism. This period is suitable for dental treatments and extractions. The appropriate time may not be available in later periods. Especially in the last three months, except for emergencies, dental and gum treatment is left to postpartum.
: Does the mother's teeth being healthy mean that the baby's teeth will be healthy?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca There is a belief that a baby with beautiful teeth will also have beautiful teeth. Is there any real share in this? If we examine the teeth development of the fetus closely, we will answer this question. The formation of milk teeth in the fetus starts at the 7th, 8th weeks. During the third month of pregnancy, mineralization occurs in these teeth. The molar teeth begin to form in the 3rd and 4th months and the mineralization of these teeth reaches the 8th month of pregnancy. The reasons why infections and drugs used during pregnancy may adversely affect the formation of the baby's teeth can be better understood.
: Which minerals can prospective mothers make positive contributions to dental health?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca The baby obtains the necessary minerals from the mother's body during her development. Therefore, the expectant mother must get enough minerals. In particular, adequate calcium intake is extremely important. Fluorine has been proven to prevent tooth decay. Therefore, fluorine-containing tablets are also given to pregnant women safely. It is important to note that the overdose of fluoride brings harm instead of benefit and creates an unpleasant color in the tooth. The recommended daily dose for adults is 1 mg.
: Are there any points that need to be paid special attention to dental health and care during pregnancy?
Dr. Example: Metin Ağca First, the teeth should be brushed with fluoride toothpaste at least 3 times daily. You should brush your teeth after consuming acidic ready-made fruit juices due to the confectionery, very sugary foods and preservatives it contains. In addition, rinse your mouth with carbonated tooth water at times recommended by your doctor. These waters have positive effects such as neutralizing acids in the mouth.
We would like to thank Metin Ağca for the dentist.