What are the risks of pregnancy?

What are the risks of pregnancy?

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Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Contact Derya directlyDescribes the 3 most risky situations in pregnancy and solutions.

Could you tell us about pregnancy-related diabetes?

Pregnancy-related diabetes is a serious problem, seen in 3-5 percent of 100 mothers. Large baby, shoulder shoulder at birth (birth trauma), respiratory distress in the newborn, drop in blood sugar and calcium levels in the newborn, jaundice, premature birth, death in the womb (in pregnant women where blood sugar cannot be regulated by diet), childhood diabetes and obesity are among the problems caused by pregnancy diabetes. . Pregnant mothers face the following risks in pregnancy-related diabetes: miscarriage, preeclampsia (pregnancy intoxication), infections, difficult labor, vacuum or caesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, diabetes during pregnancy, long-term maternal diabetes and metabolic syndrome .

What is being done?

Diabetic diet, exercise and, if necessary, insulin treatment is recommended.

What are the risks of those with pre-pregnancy diabetes?

Pre-pregnancy diabetes, increased risk of miscarriage, preterm birth, congenital disabilities, womb death, increased amniotic fluid, respiratory distress of the newborn, decreased blood sugar and calcium levels in the newborn, increased bilirubin level and jaundice in the baby's blood, enlargement of the heart, risk of diabetes and It leads to many health problems such as retardation in infant growth. This disease also threatens the health of the mother. Diabetic kidney and eye disease, diabetic nerve damage, pregnancy poisoning and infections are the most common problems in the mother.

What is being done?

To avoid risking the health of both the baby and the mother, an obstetrician and an endocrinologist should be consulted before pregnancy. With proper treatment, a healthy pregnancy can be spent if the blood sugar is kept at the ideal level before pregnancy. The parameter called hemoglobin A1C, which gives an idea about blood sugar levels in the last 4-8 weeks, should be at the ideal level. To reduce the risk of neural tube defects, it is recommended to take 400 micrograms / day of folic acid.

Could you tell us about pregnancy poisoning?

Pregnant mother's blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg and over and protein leakage in the urine “Preeclampsia”, in other words is called pregnancy poisoning. Pregnancy poisoning, which is frequently seen in 6-8 percent of the general population, can lead to brain hemorrhage and brain damage, lung edema, kidney failure, heart failure and liver failure, and even death. Problems related to preterm birth, retardation in the womb and death are the problems caused by pregnancy poisoning in the baby.

What is being done?

In case of mild preeclampsia, bed rest is recommended to the expectant mother. Patients with low risk can be followed-up under controlled conditions. In cases above the 37th gestational week, when the cervix is ​​suitable for childbirth, serious findings occur in the mother or the baby is given birth in case of evil. In cases of severe preeclampsia, births are performed in cases above the 34th gestational week. In patients under the 34th week, if there is uncontrolled severe high blood pressure, eclampsia (preeclampsia and seizures), impaired liver and kidney function, abdominal pain, persistent headache and visual symptoms, delivery is decided again.

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