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IVF and historical development

IVF and historical development

Firstly in the UK in 1978, the baby girl named Loise Brown with the IVF method opened its eyes to the world. After 1990, new methods developed after the rapid progress has been made. It has been used in women who have had permanent damage to the tubes after infection or surgical procedures in the past, and it has started to be used in the treatment of the causes of infertility. Today, endometriosis (chocolate cysts), unexplained infertility (infertility) cases and infertility in men have been successful in in vitro fertilization. In recent years, microinjection, which has been applied in particular, has revolutionized the treatment of men with low sperm count (male reproductive cells) or even azosperme (no sperm in the semen).Historical Development and Current SituationIn the late 1970s, it was the gateway to thousands of couples who first wanted to have world-wide assisted reproductive techniques and to have in vitro fertilization but could not have different reasons. Advances in medical and technological advances have made great progress in reproductive assisted techniques. In vitro fertilization was originally developed as a treatment for women who could not have babies by natural methods only because their tubes were clogged. The ovarian cells of the women whose ovaries are stimulated by the drugs given are taken out of the body by laparoscopy and then left together with the sperm cells belonging to her husband under laboratory conditions. The ovary is expected to be fertilized, and when they become embryos with the fertilized ovary, they are placed in the female uterus (uterus) and then pregnancy is expected to occur. In a short time, it attracted great interest in the world and in almost every country, IVF centers started to be opened. This method requires a lot of investment and the cost was very high for patients. Research was carried out in the centers opened and technically progress was slaughtered. It was on the agenda that the remaining embryos, which could be transferred by freezing and hiding, could be used later. Today, embryo freezing and thawing method with the transfer of fresh embryos to be called close to the pregnancy was achieved.Development of MicroinjectionThe development of microinjection has been the beginning of the revolution in reproductive health. There has been a way for men with very low sperm counts to have children. On the other hand, men without sperm cells in the menis were impossible to have children. It didn't take long to overcome these problems. The presence of sperm from the testes of men without sperm in the semen and microinjection with sperm meant that a person's dream came true. There were no new developments on reproductive health for a long time. Costs are getting cheaper and in vitro fertilization techniques are becoming easily accessible to the public. However, uncontrolled IVF treatment in consecutive IVF centers leads to an increase in unwanted multiple pregnancies. In developed countries, in vitro fertilization methods are controlled by central agencies or associations and started to be controlled by the state. Dr. View Bülent's Full Profile


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